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The upper part is played by the flute, the lower part is the basso continuo line, played by a keyboardist who uses the numbers below the staff (figures) to guide the chords played above this bass … A detailed description of the baroque practice of 'figured bass' (also referred to as 'thoroughbass' and/or 'basso continuo'), and how it is used in modern harmonic analysis. [citation needed]. According to J.F. Figured bass DEFINITION The bass part generally of a Baroque composition that is marked so as to indicate the harmonies that should go with each note.See also basso continuo, and thoroughbass. A “full accompaniment” may require as many notes as the fingers can accommodate, and in such cases the rules forbidding consecutive fifths and the like are waived, except as they apply to the two outside (bottom and top) parts. Basso Continuo is a method of thickening musical textures by augmenting the bass line. Figured bass is closely associated with basso continuo, a historically improvised accompaniment used in almost all genres of music in the Baroque period of Classical music (ca. Basso continuo, also called continuo, thoroughbass, or figured bass, in music, a system of partially improvised accompaniment played on a bass line, usually on a keyboard instrument. Basso continuo parts, almost universal in the Baroque era (1600–1750), provided the harmonic structure of the music. The figured bass (also known as thoroughbass) is a musical notation using numbers to indicate chords, intervals, and other aspects in relation to the bass note of the music. When an accidental is shown on its own without a number, it applies to the note a third above the lowest note; most commonly, this is the third of the chord. Even in early concerted works by the Gabrielis (Andrea and Giovanni), Monteverdi and others, the lowest part, that which modern performers colloquially call "continuo", is actually a "basso seguente", though slightly different, since with separate instrumental parts, the lowest note of the moment in the instrumental parts is often lower than any being sung. (The continuo is a harmonic accompaniment improvised over the written bass line, usually played on a keyboard instrument and a bass viol or other bass melody instrument.) Bach: “He knew how to introduce a point of imitation so ingeniously in either right or left hand and how to bring in so unexpected a countertheme, that the listener would have sworn that it had all been composed in that form with the most careful preparation.” Basso continuo was thus not merely a convenient shorthand; it gave zest to the accompaniment by inviting the performer to draw on his capacity for spontaneous improvisation. For example, if a continuo part in the key of C begins with a C bass note in the first measure, which descends to a B♮ in the second measure, even if there were no figures, the chord-playing instrumentalist would deduce that this was most likely a first inversion dominant chord (spelled B–D–G, from bottom note of the chord to the top). The numbers indicate the number of scale steps above the given bass-line that a note should be played. figured bass, in music, a system of shorthand notation in which figures are written below the notes of the bass part to indicate the chords to be played. Figured bass is also used to practice writing or playing in four-part (SATB) chorale style. Figured bass from which in concerted mus. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. it functions as both melodic and harmonic bass. Often, it's used to describe the accompanimental practice from approx. The numbers in figured bass tell you what chord to build up from the bass note, and in which inversion. The keyboard (or other chord-playing instrument) player realizes (adds in an improvised fashion) a continuo part by playing, in addition to the notated bass line, notes above it to complete chords, either determined ahead of time or improvised in performance. A different way to indicate this is to draw a backslash through the number itself. The Centro Studi Opera Omnia Luigi Boccherini of Lucca, the Research Group Palma Choralis ® and the Dipartimento di Musica Antica ‘Città di Brescia’ – are pleased to invite submissions of proposals for the symposium «The Figured Bass Accompaniment in Europe», to be held from 10 to 12 September 2021.. These bass lines with figures became known as “ figured bass is a method of notating harmonies resemble! Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox spacing of chord! 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